Training Plan

The Skeletal Disorders Training Program supports stipends for up to 3 predoctoral and 3 postdoctoral trainees each year. Appointments are renewable for up to 3 years.

Pre-doctoral trainees are integrated into the graduate research training programs managed by the Division of Biology and Biochemical Sciences (DBBS) or the Department of Biomedical Engineering (BME).

Graduate students admitted to this training program will complete their PhD thesis work in the lab of one of the program preceptors, and must fulfill graduate coursework and qualifying exam requirements set forth by these programs.

Other DBBS or BME institutional training grants provide the first two years of support for graduate trainees during their coursework requirements, laboratory rotations, teaching assistant requirements, and qualifying exams.

Once a thesis laboratory/mentor has been chosen at the end of these two years this SDTP will provide support for years 3 to 5 of graduate training for those students admitted to this program.

Both predoctoral and postdoctoral training program are based upon 5 components:

  1. Mentored research training
  2. Core curriculum coursework
  3. Enrichment activities
  4. Career development
  5. Responsible conduct of research

Trainee progress is guided and monitored by direct interaction with the mentor, meetings with thesis and trainee advisory committees, and formal yearly evaluation by the Executive Committee.

Mentored research training

Interaction between trainee and preceptor is very important for the formation of a young scientist and represents the foundation for monitoring each trainee’s progress. The research project to be pursued by each laboratory-based trainee is agreed upon with a mentor at the time of application to the program.

The methods and approaches used by each mentor in directing laboratory activities vary and the program encourages diverse approaches. Nonetheless, it is expected that mentor and trainee frequently interact face-to-face and via lab meetings, which will foster exposure to work of other lab members.

Although there is no prescribed number of publications required for reappointment and successful completion of training, submission of at least one full length manuscript by the end of the second year of training, and one each year thereafter is expected.

Mentors are also encouraged to teach skills of grant and manuscript writing and oral presentations as well as facilitate trainees’ attendance to seminars and courses of this and other aspects of career development. Once a research project has been successfully developed and one manuscript is submitted, the trainee is encouraged to prepare and submit an F-type or K-type award application, as appropriate to the level of training and career trajectories, individualized by trainee.

Learn more about choosing a mentor »

Core curriculum coursework

The following lecture series, conferences and courses are designed to provide an in-depth education on topics that are fundamental to the formation of a skeletal biology investigator.

Most of these events are held in the main conference room of the Musculoskeletal Research Center (MRC), an easily accessible venue for all SDTP and MRC trainees.

While their main focus is on biology and pathophysiology, some lectures are clinically-oriented, and one case discussion conference is also included. The goal is to provide a comprehensive didactical program that is meaningful to both basic and clinically-oriented trainees, encourages basic-clinical research interactions, and creates a culture that promotes the translational aspects of skeletal research.

Each predoctoral trainee will also comply with the coursework and qualifying examinations mandated by the DBBS or the BME.


Skeletal Biology and Pathophysiology Mini-Course

This lecture series is organized on a 2-year cycle with 5-6 lectures per year (typically in August and September), and it is designed to complement courses available through the DBBS graduate training program, focusing on mineral homeostasis, bone, cartilage and tendon biology, bone biomechanics and biomineralization.

Most of the speakers are SDTP mentors; occasionally, external speakers with expertise in specific topics are invited.

This mini-course is mandatory for all SDTP trainees.

View schedule and additional topics discussed »


MRC Educational Seminars

Organized by the MRC, this series of 4-5 lectures, typically held in June and July, is meant to provide in-depth information on the methodological tools and resources relevant to musculoskeletal researchers, with emphasis on those available in MRC Core facilities.

Lectures focus on applicative considerations, advantages, limitations and potential pitfalls, and provide guidance to appropriate utilization and data interpretation.

Speakers include MRC Core Directors and other experts in specific technologies.

This series is mandatory to all SDTP trainees.

View schedule » 


Metabolic Bone Disease Case Conference (CME Certified – JME04)

This weekly meeting represents a key component of our clinically-oriented training.

The conference is attended by an interdisciplinary group of clinicians, pathologists, radiologists and geneticists, as well as adult and pediatric endocrine fellows, residents and medical students during elective rotations, and Washington University-affiliated practitioners with interested in osteoporosis and metabolic bone diseases. The conference is also attended by basic scientists interested in mechanisms of skeletal disease and translational medicine.

Typically, 2-3 patients are presented by faculty or fellows. In most circumstances, trans-iliac bone biopsies are presented, reviewed and discussed. Cases are chosen for discussion because of their educational ramifications, and range from rare or poorly characterized skeletal disorders, to challenging presentations of more common conditions of skeletal fragility.

View schedule »

Enrichment activities

Journal clubs, research seminars and annual meetings represent the venues where trainees are exposed to the latest research advances and present their research findings.

The following venues are designed to enrich and broaden a trainee’s fund of knowledge, interact with faculty and peers in informal and more formal settings, and hone reporting and presentations skills.

Trainees choose among 3 journal/data clubs focused on different aspects of skeletal biology and diseases. Weekly attendance to at least one journal club and presentation of one paper and one research seminar yearly is required. In addition, trainees are encouraged to attend one national meeting every year.


Louis V. Avioli Musculoskeletal Research Seminars

Named for the founder of our Division, Dr. Louis V. Avioli, this high profile lecture series is attended by all STDP and MRC faculty mentors and their trainees, and it is ongoing from September through to May.

These seminars provide a key didactic opportunity for all trainees as they are exposed to the latest developments in skeletal and related research and can interact with prominent investigators. They also offer a venue for exchange of information among WU faculty members and with guest speakers. Speakers include faculty or trainees, as well as visiting professors with internationally recognized expertise in skeletal disorders.

View schedule »


Biomedical Engineering Seminar Series

These weekly seminars are organized by the BME Department and are held on the Danforth Campus. They cover a broad range of topics many of which are of direct relevance to musculoskeletal biomechanics. Speakers include BME faculty, postdoctoral trainees, and external scientists.

Pre-doctoral trainees enrolled in the BME graduate program are highly encouraged to attend these seminars, when the topic is appropriate for their training plan.

View schedule »


Siteman Research Seminars

The Siteman Cancer Center offers an array of educational programs for students and health-care providers, in particular a research seminar series featuring presentations from WU faculty and external speakers, covering a broad spectrum of basic and translational aspects of cancer research.

Attendance to these seminars is encouraged but not mandated.

View schedule »


Experimental Skeletal Biology Journal/Data Club

Supervised by Dr. Steven Teitelbaum, the forum focuses on the molecular and cellular biology of bone.  Both faculty and trainees present on a rotation basis. Trainee’s presentations alternate between discussion of a published article and presentation of their own research project.  Feedback is provided during the discussion and via email.

View schedule »


Musculoskeletal Mechanobiology Journal Club

Supervised by Dr. Simon Tang, this journal club meets every other week, and discusses articles pertaining to the biological response and adaptation to mechanical signals in skeletal tissues. Both faculty and trainees present on a rotation basis.

View schedule »


Developmental Biology Research Forum

Supervised by Dr. David Ornitz, this weekly forum offers a venue for discussions on general developmental biology, with emphasis on skeletal development. Students or post-doctoral fellows present for 20-30 min, followed by a Q&A session.

View schedule »

Career development

This component of the program is designed to provide SDTP trainees with learning opportunities relevant to the development of a successful career in research. The DBBS offers a variety of venues throughout the year for students and post-doctoral trainees, in the forms of courses, seminars and workshops, on topics that include leadership skills, grantsmanship, scientific publishing and research ethics.


Grant Writing Skills

Acquiring good grant writing skills is a key component for a successful independent investigator.  Towards the end of their training period trainees are encouraged to prepare an F-type (pre- and post-doctoral trainees) or a K-type (post-doctoral trainees) application, under their mentor’s guidance. Trainees are encouraged to attend Mock Study Sections, offered by the Clinical Research Training Center, held twice a year.

These workshops are designed to simulate an actual NIH study section, with the difference that the proceedings are open to the public. DBBS students are required to prepare a written research proposal during the second year, followed by an oral qualifying examination, which is mandatory for candidacy to a PhD degree. Proposals are prepared under the tutorship of the student’s thesis advisor and the mentor. Furthermore, a 4-session workshop is offered each fall for post-docs and DBBS graduate students, and each student or post-doc must attend all four sessions to participate.


Scientific Writing Skills  

The Office of Faculty Affairs through its Academic Publishing Service develops and conducts a variety of seminars, workshops and classes (school-wide and departmental) about scientific publishing.

These venues address how to begin the writing process and how to assemble various components of an article, as well as recent developments in the journal publishing industry and how they affect authors. Students are informed about selecting an appropriate journal for submission, navigating the peer-review process, and most importantly, author responsibility. Discussants include faculty involved in journal editing and speakers employed by publishers.

All trainees are directed to attend these seminars and workshops, as they become available during the year.

View schedule »


Career and Professional Development

The DBBS and the Office of Postdoctoral Affairs have developed a variety of seminars and workshops to guide graduate students and post-doctoral trainees in their professional development as independent scientists.

Examples of topics discussed in these seminars, which are held throughout the year; include, managing personnel and time; managing research work-flow; addressing and resolving conflict; improving communication and presentation skills, managing lab finances, and navigating through funding agencies.

Topics of workshops include how to collect and organize search material (CVs, support letters); how to network effectively; how to manage a job interview; and how to negotiate. Importantly, career opportunities for PhDs in industry and the private sector are also discussed.

Attendance to these seminars and workshops is highly encouraged.

Responsible conduct of research

Trainees participate in a number of activities where topics of relevance to the responsible conduct of research are reviewed and discussed. Such activities take different formats, including on-line courses, discussion groups and workshops, with emphasis on fostering direct participation of mentors and mentees in interactive sessions. Many of these activities are organized and managed by the DBBS, which has created a mandatory educational program for graduate students, also available to post-doctoral trainees.

In addition, the SDTP has created a workshop series where SDTP trainees and mentors participate, to ensure interaction and discussion within our group. Trainees also receive reading material and online training regarding research policies pertaining to animal or human subjects.


Program for the Ethical and Responsible Conduct of Science and Scholarship (PERCSS)

PERCSS is an online mandatory course for all first-year students.

PERCSS Basic covers the following topics: Data Ownership, Acquisition, Sharing and Management; Mentor-Trainee Relationships; Research Integrity; Scientist, Society and Environment; Authorship and Publication; Collaborative Research; Conflict of Interest; Peer Review.

View more information about PERCSS requirements »


Ethics and Research Science (Bio 5011)

This course explores ethical issues research scientists confront daily and is taught by faculty of diverse backgrounds and perspectives, and it is mandatory for second-year students enrolled in DBBS programs, but not for BME students. The format of Bio 5011 encourages active participation in discussion groups, which is essential to internalizing an understanding of ethical concepts and issues.

Topics include, but are not limited to: Research Misconduct and Conflicts of Interest; Data: Acquisition, Objectivity, Management and Presentation; Responsible Authorship, Peer Review and Confidentiality; Resource Sharing, Collaboration and Intellectual Property; Human and Animal Experimentation, and Safe Lab Practices; Student/Mentor Relationships and Responsibilities.

Compliance for completion of this course is monitored by DBBS program coordinators, and shared with the SDTP leadership.

View schedule »


Workshops in the Responsible Conduct of Research

These 2-hour workshops, organized by the SDTP, are held once or twice a year and complement Bio 5011 and other DBBS initiatives. The format is similar to Bio 5011, in that it is trainee-driven, interactive and requires faculty participation. Also, topics cover closely similar themes as Bio 5011.

Typically, 3 topics are chosen by the PD, and 2 SDTP trainees are assigned to each topic.  Trainees develop the assigned theme in a short 10-min presentation, which also includes current institutional policies and procedures relevant to the topic. They also prepare cases based upon real circumstances or information obtained from Washington University and other online sources.

At the workshop, trainees first present and review issues emerging from each topic, followed by presentation of cases highlighting the main issues, which leads to an open discussion facilitated by faculty.

Attendance is recorded and included in each trainee’s progress report.

Monitoring progress

In addition to the day-to-day interaction with the mentor, where immediate and constant feedback is provided, each trainee’s performance and progress are formally evaluated by the Executive Committee, based upon, 1) research training progress; 2) scientific accomplishments; 3) professional development.  Such reviews occur annually, and represent the basis for reappointment.

Specifically, at the end of each year of training, the trainee completes a T32 Trainee Progress Report (docx) addressing in detail all three components of the evaluation process. This includes a narrative where the trainee briefly summarizes the progress in the research project during the previous year, addressing concerns and challenges, as appropriate. Publications, presentations at internal and national meetings, grant awards, as well as attendance to professional development seminars and coursework are also listed.

In addition for post-doctoral trainees, a Research Evaluation Form (docx) is also prepared by the mentor, separately, providing a numerical score of trainee performance and a brief narrative for feedback to the trainee. This report also summarizes the feedback from the Trainee Advisory Committee (docx).  For graduate students, the Thesis Committee Report is used as an objective assessment of the student’s performance in research training.

The Executive Committee (EC) reviews all these documents and provides feedback and recommendations to the trainee and mentor. If progress is deemed appropriate, the trainee is reappointed for one year (up to 3 years). If deficiencies are found, remedies are suggested and follow-up assessment required.  If concerns are not corrected the EC may elect to revoke the appointment to the SDTP.  In should be noted that the authority of the DBBS (or BME) thesis committees supersedes that of the T32 leadership in the evaluation of the pre-doctoral trainees, as it certifies granting of the PhD degree by the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (or the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences).